zachary harrington eng 101 2 Essay Logos

Zachary Harrington
Professor Alicia Bolton
English 101
October 1, 2013
Intellectualism, To Be or Not To Be?
Arguing, the backbone of college courses today. In every course a person takes they will be
required to argue the stance on a subject, one way or another. But, arguing is not what people make it
out to be. In fact most college students struggle with it. Arguing is not merely having an opinion on a
topic, but developing convincing evidence, using rhetorical appeal such as logos, ethos, and pathos. Two
essays that can be defined as argumentative essays are Gerald Graff’s “Hidden Intellectualism” and
Penrod’s “Anti
-Intellectualism: Why We Hate the Smart Kids

. Graff 
’s essay illustrates that interest
in non-intelle
ctual things does not make you “anti
intellectual so much as intellectual by other means”
(200). He then call
upon the schools to convert this interest in sports, cars, fashion, etc. into more
academic subjects:
“But they would be more prone to take on in
tellectual identities if we encouraged
them to do so at first on subjects that interest them rather than ones that interest us. Meanwhile,
Penrod’s “Anti
-Intellectualism: Why We Hate
the Smart Kids” states that academic base events don’t get
the recognitio
n that football and other sports would get because they’re “just the nerds” (754). Also,
that the word nerd doesn’t portray a positive image
 to others. Penrod mentions that society is not
geared for nerds and intellectualism is laughable in the eyes of young people:
“Uneducated success
extends far beyond just singers and sports stars, too even the current President of the United States
(Written when George W. Bush was president) presents the success of nonintellectualism”
(Penrod 756).