final senior project Essay Physical Therapy Surgery

Veronica McIntire
Mr. Free
Senior Project Seminar
Traditionally, sports were out of bounds for women because they pulled them away from
their feminine duties. Schools and other institutions did not allow females to participate in any
sports; they weren’t even allowed to practice with males. Title IX of 1971 states, “No person in
the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the
benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving
Federal financial assistance.” This shattered the chains that ended the discrimination of women
in any institution or activity, including sports. In fact, Title IX is credited for the dramatic rise of
female participation in sports. Right before it was enacted, the number of females who played
interscholastic sports, i
f they actually had the opportunity, was fewer 300,000. Today, that small
number has increased to a 2.4 million.
This is considered as a huge accomplishment for women. But every win comes at a
price. In the past decade, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears have grown to be extremely
prevalent in females. Girls are up to eight times more likely to suffer from an ACL injury than
boys are; at just 14 years of age, girls are already five times more likely to experience an ACL
tear. In 2006, statistics reveal that 46,000 females, all under the age of 19, strained or sprained
their ACL. Of these girls, nearly 30,000 required surgery. I’ve played with a large number of girls
who have torn the ACL, and those who have not injured their ACL fear it. Because of these
statistics, I am going to explore why girls are more prone to ACL injuries. More specifically, I’m