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fdi Essay Foreign Direct Investment Retail

 
FDI in retail is a boon for India
 
It is always imperative to understand the topic in its right perspective before you place your views on it. Let us first think what do we know 
about this hot, contemporary and fiercely-debatable topic and once we have clarity on the same, we may proceed to present our opinion
 based on facts in the given time. Any essay or write-up on the captioned topic should describe two broad issues

what is FDI in retail and
how is it beneficial to India. The essay below will give you a clear idea about it.
Synopsis
 
1.
 
Inroduction:Definition
2.
 
FDI in Multi-brand retailing
3.
 
Impact of FDI on unorganized retail
4.
 
Impact of FDI on farmers
5.
 
 Absence of middle men
6.
 
 Antidote to Inflation
7.
 
FDI assures protection of perishables
8.
 
FDI adds to lifestyle
9.
 
Conclusion
Foreign direct investment (FDI) refers to foreign capital that is invested to enhance the production capacity of the economy. However, FDI in
retail is different from the investment in corporate, manufacturing or infrastructure sectors. Retail can be single or multi brand and may be
described as a sale to the ultimate consumer at a margin of profit.
 While the FDI in single-brand retailing was allowed earlier, FDI in multi-brand retailing is being allowed now. This means a retail store with
foreign direct investment can sell multiple brands under one roof. So, it is the link between the producer/manufacturer and the individual
consumer. India had to open up the retail trade sector to foreign investment as she is a signatory to the World Trade Organiz
ation‘s
General
 Agreement on Trade & Services, which includes wholesale and retail services.
The Indian retail sector is highly fragmented with around 97 per cent of its business being run by unorganized retailers. Organized retail is
still at a nascent stage. With the entry of FDI, the retail sector will become organized. Foreign investment in food-based retailing would
ensure adequate flow of capital into the country and its productive use.
It will promote welfare of farmers by agriculture growth and thereby increasing their income level. At present, intermediaries, known by 
different names in different parts of the country, flout the business ethics, prices lack transparency and the due share of farmer is not paid to
him. Regulated markets have also developed monopolistic character. Indian farmers, at present, realize only 1/3rd of the final price paid by 
the consumer as against 2/3rd realized by farmers in the co
ntries with a greater share of organized retail. FDI will assist in reducing the
dominance of value chain by intermediaries.
FDI in retail will make the consumer happy as well. In the absence of intermediaries, the consumer will end up paying lower price for a better
product. Besides, in the unorganized sector, consumer has to argue and fight a lot in case he has to return some faulty product to the retailer.
This process will be standardized.
It will serve as an antidote to inflation. The producer will get direct payment from the retailer and the same will be higher than what he was
getting earlier due to the foul play by intermediaries. In accordance to the provisions made, any company going for 51% partnership in retail
 will have to tie up with a local partner. This will improve the income levels of all concerned and will make economy flourish with quality 
 branded products at a lower price.
FDI will improve investment in logistics of the retail chain, leading to an efficient market mechanism. India is one of the biggest producers of 
fruits and vegetables (more than 180 million tonne). However, it does not have a strong integrated cold-chain infrastructure with only around
5,400 cold storages having total capacity of about 24 million tonne. The irony is that 80% of the capacity is used only for preservation of 
potatoes. Perishable horticultural commodities find it difficult to link to distant markets, including overseas markets. FDI will become a
catalyst in avoiding distress sale and erosion & wastage in quality and quantity of the produce.
Foreign direct investment in the retail sector will spur competition as the current scenario is of low competition and poor productivity. India
 will flourish in terms of quality standards and consumer expectations.
Fears that the entry of FDI in multi-brand retail may cause unemployment as foreign firms may not procure material from domestic
producers and may import the same from international market are unfounded as the entry of big companies like Reliance and Tata has
substantially improved the life standard of farmers and villages from where they are procuring. The present public distribution system will
also be strengthened with better products and storage facility. Even the FDI retail may be assigned this job.
 Allowing FDI in multi-brand retail will bring about supply chain improvement, investment in technology, manpower & skill development,
upgrade in the agriculture sector, and benefits to the government through greater GDP and tax income. The organized sector will also lay 
stress on producing more and will generate more employment in production as well as retail industry.